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Old 06-10-2015, 11:31 PM
yongxien yongxien is offline
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Join Date: Jun 2015
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Default Problem with understanding the proof of Sauer Lemma

I will replicate the proof here which is from the book "Learning from Data"

Sauer Lemma:
$B(N,K) \leq \sum_{i=0}^{k-1}{n\choose i}$

Proof:
The statement is true whenever k = 1 or N = 1 by inspection. The proof is by induction on N. Assume the statement is true for all $N \leq N_o$ and for all k. We need to prove that the statement for $N = N_0 + 1$ and fpr all k. Since the statement is already true when k = 1(for all values of N) by the initial condition, we only need to worry about $k \geq 2$. By (proven in the book), $B(N_0 + 1, k) \leq B(N_0, k) + B(N_0, k-1)$ and applying induction hypothesis on each therm on the RHS, we get the result.

**My Concern** From what I see this proof only shows that if $B(N, K)$ implies $B(N+1, K)$. I can't see how it shows $B(N, K)$ implies $B(N, K+1)$. This problem arises because the $k$ in $B(N_0 + 1, K)$ and $B(N_0, K)$ are the same, so i think i need to prove the other induction too. Why the author is able to prove it this way?
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