- **Homework 2**
(*http://book.caltech.edu/bookforum/forumdisplay.php?f=131*)

- - **Q5 Least Squares Behaviour**
(*http://book.caltech.edu/bookforum/showthread.php?t=4680*)

Q5 Least Squares Behaviourwrt Q5
I've written a python script with some matplotlib to visualize and compare the various f and g in the 1000 run simulation. In terms of process... 1- choose a population N of 100 random points (x1,x2) where x1 and x2 are >-1, <+1 2- solve for f_m and f_b of a line joining another two similarly chosen random points 3- classify points in N as +1 or -1 based on comparison of x2 and f_m*x1+ f_b to get vector of classifications f_y 4- perfom a linear least squares regression with numpy.linalg.lstsq and get g_m and g_b 5- classify points in N as +1 or -1 based on comparison of x2 and g_m*x1+ g_b to get vector of classifications g_y 6- compare f_y and g_y to get E_in 7- repeat step 1-6 1000 times to get average E_in I am finding that when N cuts f such that there are very many of one class and very few of the other, then g will often miss-classify all of the smaller set in favor of properly classifying all the larger set. Sometimes g will lie completely outside of the viewing window bounded by +2, -2 all around. That g might miss-classify all of the smaller set, in these imbalanced cases, I can accept... I think. That g would lie very far away from the box bounded by +1,-1 all around troubles me. Am I right to think something is wrong here? The error is large enough to lead to the wrong answer for question 5, but only by a hair. I did a fair amount of debugging, I cannot see any anything other than the sometimes large variance between the f_m/f_b and g_m/g_b that the linear solver spits out when there is a large class imbalance. |

Re: Q5 Least Squares BehaviourSo... haha... systematic error.
Just as another student (sandeep) was, I was getting an average E_in on 1000 trials of 100 of ~ 0.13 I believe this is indicative not accounting for the case where the slope of the linear regression solution g is opposite sign of that of the target function f. In a naive approach to classification... you will get 100% error in that case. The case seems to occur predictably enough to bias the correct answer you might get to ~0.13. Oddly enough... I am very satisfied with that... at least it confirms laws of large numbers. Everything does though... |

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