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-   -   *ANSWER* q5 (http://book.caltech.edu/bookforum/showthread.php?t=4271)

 arcticblue 05-06-2013 05:18 PM

*ANSWER* q5

I got Q5 wrong and don't know where I've gone wrong. My code is below and I believe my partial derivatives are correct. I believe eta and the starting values are correct. I then loop through using the weights to calculate the new weights. The same weights are used for both partial derivatives and then both weights are updated at the end of the iteration. I then get the results at the bottom. I end up with iteration 17 being when the error drops below 10e-14 (which is the wrong number of iterations). To calculate the error I'm summing the square of the differences and then taking the sqrt. (Refer to print statement in code).

So can someone point out what I've done wrong, I'm sure it's obvious to someone who got the answer right but it's not to me. Alternatively if anyone has some code that works then please post it and I'll try and work out how mine is different.

Thank you.

Code:

```def derWRTu(u,v):     result = Decimal(2)*(Decimal.exp(v) + Decimal(2) * v * Decimal.exp(-u)) * (u * Decimal.exp(v) - Decimal(2)*v*Decimal.exp(-u))     return result def derWRTv(u,v):     result = Decimal(2)*(u*Decimal.exp(v) - Decimal(2) * Decimal.exp(-u)) * (u * Decimal.exp(v) - Decimal(2)*v*Decimal.exp(-u))     return result eta = Decimal(0.1) weight1 = Decimal(1.0) weight2 = Decimal(1.0) for i in range(1,20):         temp1 = Decimal(weight1 - eta * derWRTu(weight1,weight2))         temp2 = Decimal(weight2 - eta * derWRTv(weight1,weight2))         print i, temp1, temp2, math.sqrt((temp1 - weight1)**2 + (temp2 - weight2)**2)         weight1 = temp1         weight2 = temp2```
Results
iteration newWeight1 newWeight2 error

1 -0.369542993196839967955794109 0.2139205536245797574025398844 1.5791038301
2 0.0305206903512627734316713927 -0.5079340454438062055203607077 0.825302982601
3 0.1075231141989984274494072585 -0.1222102555735032213170381668 0.393334737025
4 0.06564482581488226125563096705 -0.0151665598769331032201461945 0.114944090002
5 0.04784117062171890279998341002 0.01848989922674513542330801974 0.038075285654
6 0.04499946309943379128005628962 0.02349925169679327305149255062 0.00575924594121
7 0.04475601902934555265991082578 0.02392429647039781800619960613 0.000489824534736
8 0.04473774604067714316407965262 0.02395617479661382948530576517 3.67441124156e-05
9 0.04473639081750715769541853207 0.02395853892224864452997465102 2.72501740502e-06
10 0.04473629039778214055992344406 0.02395871409914178947550918280 2.01918461425e-07
11 0.04473628295735141684956930350 0.02395872707857492077823017572 1.49608052512e-08
12 0.04473628240606795227909993835 0.02395872804025939239070240562 1.10849018094e-09
13 0.04473628236522174893968490660 0.02395872811151340584997873671 8.21312776066e-11
14 0.04473628236219533441993488016 0.02395872811679282384392635644 6.08534626789e-12
15 0.04473628236197109852827296072 0.02395872811718399134381489950 4.50881079752e-13
16 0.04473628236195448423608868001 0.02395872811721297408644352622 3.34070961782e-14
17 0.04473628236195325323465204219 0.02395872811721512150250060613 2.47522933467e-15

 Kekeli 05-06-2013 06:04 PM

Re: Q5 *answer *

why are you taking the square root of the Ein?

 arcticblue 05-06-2013 08:27 PM

Re: *ANSWER* q5

As E is a vector I took the error to be the difference between two iterations. So based on that I took the difference of u/u' and v/v' then summed the square of these values and took the square root to get the combined length, taking this to be the error.

I see if I remove the sqrt and just take the error as the sum of the differences squared then I get the correct answer.

Have I just misunderstood how to calculate an error in gradient descent? If I have then if someone could point out the particular slide or section of the lecture to re-watch I would be grateful. Alternatively if this is just something I should have known then a link to something explaining how to calculate the error would be great.

Thank you.

 Ziad Hatahet 05-07-2013 01:18 PM

Re: *ANSWER* q5

You should use the given error equation: instead of the one you are using.

 arcticblue 05-07-2013 04:53 PM

Re: *ANSWER* q5

Of course, it's so obvious now that you've pointed it out and I've re-read the question. Thank you.

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